Stereoscopic Media

Stereoscopic Still Images

Adams, Gavin (2015) ‘Duchamp’s Erotic Stereoscopic Exercises’. Anais do Museu Paulista: História e Cultura Material, 23:2, pp.165-185.

Alexiou, Artemis (2019 ) ‘Women’s Views: The Narrative Stereograph in Nineteenth Century America written by Melody Davis [Book Review]’, Visual Studies,

Amad, Paula (2010) ‘World souvenir: “Mr. K.” and the Archives de la Planete’ in Counter-archive: film, the everyday and Albert Kahn’s Archives de la Planete Columbia University Press, pp.25-63. ISBN: 9780231135009

Babbitts, Judith (1994) ‘Made in America: a stereoscopic view of the United States’ in Nye, David and Gidley, Mick, (eds.), American photographs in Europe, Amsterdam: VU University Press, pp.41-56. ISBN 9053833048

Babbitts, Judith (2004) ‘Stereographs and the construction of a visual culture in the United States’ in Rabinovitz, Lauren and Geil, Abraham (eds.) Memory bytes: history, technology and digital culture. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, pp.126-149 ISBN 0822332280; 0822332418 (pbk)

Bak, Meredith A. (2012) ‘Democracy and discipline: Object lessons and the stereoscope in American education, 1870–1920’ in Early Popular Visual Culture, 10:2, pp.147-167

Bak, Meredith A (2020) ‘Democracy and discipline: object lessons and the stereoscope in American education, 1870-1920’ in Playful visions: optical toys and the emergence of children’s media culture. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, pp.181-208. ISBN: 9780262538718

Bantjes, Rod (2014) ‘Hybrid Projection, Machinic Exhibition and the Eighteenth-Century Critique of Vision.’ Art History 37:5, pp.912-39.

Bantjes, Rod (2014) ‘‘‘Vertical Perspective Does Not Exist’’: The Scandal of Converging Verticals and the Final Crisis of Perspectiva Artificiali’. Journal of the History of Ideas, 75:2, pp.307-338.

Bantjes, Rod (2015) ‘Reading Stereoviews: The Aesthetics of Monstrous Space’. History of Photography, 39:1, pp.33-55

Bantjes, Rob (2016) ‘Hacking stereoscopic vision: The nineteenth-century culture of critical inquiry in stereoscope use’, International Journal of Film and Media Arts, 1:2, pp.4-21.

Bantjes, Rod (2017) ‘‘Perspectives bâtardes’: Stereoscopy, Cézanne, and the Metapictorial Logic of Spatial Construction’. History of Photography, 41:3, pp.262-285.

Barberie, Peter (2008) ‘Charles Marville’s Seriality’. Record of the Art Museum, Princeton University, 67, pp.30-45.

Batchen, Geoffrey (1992) ‘Enslaved sovereign, observed spectator: on Jonathan Crary, Techniques of the observer’. Continuum: the Australian Journal of Media and Culture, 6:2, pp.80-94.

Baylis, Gail (2012) ‘Exchanging looks: Gap girls and colleens in early Irish tourist photography’, Early Popular Visual Culture, 10:4, pp.325-343.

Becker, Howard Saul (1979) ‘Stereographs: local, national and international art worlds’ in Earle, Edward W.,(ed.)Points of view: the stereograph in America: a cultural history. Rochester, NY: Visual Studies Workshop Press in collaboration with the Gallery Association of New York State, pp.89-96. ISBN: 9780898220063

Belknap, Geoffrey (2020) ‘The print after photography: Talbot and the invention of the “Photographic” print’, Nineteenth-Century Contexts, 42:2, pp.221-242

Belisle, Brooke (2013) ‘The Total Archive: Picturing History from the Stereographic Archive to the Digital Database’, Mediascape, 11 pages, available:

Belisle, Brooke (2013) ‘Picturing networks: railroads and photographs’, AModern, 2: Network archaeology available:

Biegon, Glenn (2005) ‘Stereoscopic synergy: twin-relief sculpture and painting’ in Leonardo, 38:2, pp.93-100.

Blair, Peter (2015) ‘Stereo views: Victorian 3D photography of the Alps’, Alpine Journal, pp.225-233

Blakely, Shantel (2017) ‘Solid Vision, or Mr Gropius Builds his Dream House’. AA Files, 75, pp.86-97.

Blum, Ron (2008) George Rose: Australia’s master stereographer. Oaklands Park, S.A.: Ron Blum. ISBN: 9780958957236

Boehlert, Krystal (2016) ‘Stereographs on your smartphone’, VRA Bulletin, 43:1

Boman, Charlotte (2014) ‘“Peculiarly marked with the character of our own time”: Photography and Family Values in Victorian Domestic Journalism’. Victorian Periodicals Review, 47:4, pp.538-558.

Borges De Araújo, Nuno (2018) ‘Lisbon and its region: Stereoscopic photography, c.1853-1890’, International Journal on Stereo and Immersive Media, 1:2, pp.4-31.

Bowers, Brian (2001) Sir David Brewster, FRS, 1802-1875, 2nd rev. ed. London: Institution of Engineering and Technology. ISBN: 9780852961032

Brewster, David (1844) ‘On the law of visible position in single and binocular vision, and on the representation of solid figures by the union of dissimilar plane pictures on the retina.’ in Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 15, pp.349-368.

Brewster, David (1844) ‘On the knowledge of distance given by binocular vision.’ in Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 15, pp.663-674.

Brewster, David (1849) ‘Account of a new stereoscope.’ in Report of the British Association [for the Advancement of Science]. Transactions of The Sections, pp.6-7.

Brewster, David, Wheatstone, Charles and others (1852) Article VII [9 contributions on] Binocular vision and the stereoscope. North British Review, 33, pp.165-204.

Brewster, David (1856) The stereoscope: its history, theory and construction with its application to the fine and useful arts and to education. London: John Murray.

Brooks, Kevin R. (2017) ‘Depth Perception and the History of Three-Dimensional Art: Who Produced the First Stereoscopic Images?’. Iperception, 8:1,

Brunet, François (1994) ‘“Picture Maker of the Old West”: W. H. Jackson and the birth of photographic archives in the United States’ in Prospects, 19, pp.161-187.

Brunet, François (2014) ‘Iron Muse: Photographing the Transcontinental Railroad [Book Review]’, History of Photography, 38:4, pp.437-441.DOI: 10.1080/03087298.2014.949116:

Brust, James S. (2000) ‘Photojournalism, 1877: John H. Fouch, Fort Keogh’s First Post Photographer’. Montana: the Magazine of Western History, 50:4, pp.32-39

Cain, Victoria E. M. (2016) ‘Seeing the world: Media and vision in US geography classrooms, 1890–1930’. Early Popular Visual Culture, 13:4, pp.276-292.

Cameron, John B. (2004) ‘The Early Paper Stereographs of Claude-Marie Ferrier’. The Photogram, 31:5, pp.4-11.

Cameron, John B. and Schimmelman, Janice G. (2013) The early paper stereo views of Claude-Marie Ferrier, 1852-1858. The Collodion Press. ISBN: 9780982945643

Cameron, John B and Schimmelman, Janice G (2016) The glass stereoviews of Ferrier and Soulier, 1852-1908. The Collodion Press. ISBN: 9780982945674

Campbell, Mary (2014) ‘Praying for Grace: Charles Ellis Johnson’s synesthetic skin’ in Promey, Sally M., ed., Sensational religion: sensory cultures in material practice. New Haven: Yale University Press, pp.261-274. ISBN: 9780300187359

Capozolla, Christopher (2014) Photography and power in the colonial Philippines 1: The U.S. conquest and occupation (1898-1902) [online], MIT Visualising Cultures

Carbon, Claus-Christian and Hesslinger, Vera M (2013) ‘Da Vinci’s Mona Lisa entering the next dimension’, Perception, 42, pp.887-893. 

Carville, Justin (2007) ‘Mr Lawrence’s Great Photographic Bazaar’, Early Popular Visual Culture, 5:3, pp.263-283.

Cernek, Stephen (2013) ‘From picturesque to profane: a cultural history of the Hudson River’s Palmer Falls.’ Hudson River Valley Review, 29:2, pp.52-70

Charlton, John (2001) ‘Views and Reports of the Dakota Sandstone Formation, Mushroom Rock, 1867-2001’. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, 104:1/2, pp.44-58.

Childs, Elizabeth C. (1996) ‘Time’s Profile: John Wesley Powell, Art, and Geology at the Grand Canyon’. American Art, 10:1, pp.6-35

Christie, Ian (2018) The 19th century craze for stereoscopic photography.

Christie, Ian (2018) The 19th century craze for stereoscopic photography

Colligan, Colette (2004) ‘Stereograph’. Victorian Review: an interdisciplinary journal of Victorian Studies, 34:1, pp.75-82.

Coons, Jayda (2019) ‘“Spectral realities”: Little Dorrit, stereoscopy, and non-mimetic realism’, Nineteenth-Century Contexts, 42:1, pp.17-31

Craciun, Adriana (2014) ‘The Franklin Relics in the Arctic Archive’. Victorian Literature and Culture, 42:1, pp.1-31.

Crary, Jonathan (1992) Techniques of the observer: on vision and modernity in the nineteenth century, Cambridge MA: MIT Press ISBN: 0262031698

da Silva, Maria Cristina Miranda (2016) ‘Stereoscopy In nineteenth century Brazil: The case of Rio de Janeiro’, International Journal of Film and Media Arts, 1:2, pp.58-74.

Darrah, William Culp (1964) Stereo views: a history of stereographs in America and their collection, Gettysburg, PA:Times and News Publishing Co

Darrah, William Culp (1975) ‘ Stereographs: A Neglected Source of History of Photography.’ in Coke, Van Deren, ed., One Hundred Years of Photographic History: Essays in honour of Beaumont Newhall. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, pp.43-46. ISBN: 9780826303448

Darrah, William Culp (1977) The world of stereographs, Gettysburg, PA: William C. Darrah ISBN: 9780965051316

Davidson, Kathleen (2014) ‘Connecting the Senses: Natural History and the British Museum in the Stereoscopic Magazine’. 19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century, 19.

Davis, Daniel (2006) ‘Appreciating a Pretty Shoulder: The Risqué Images of Charles Ellis Johnson’. Utah Historical Quarterly, 74:131-146.

Davis, Melody  D. (1998) ‘An essential reprint in stereography [review of “The World of stereographs” by William C. Darrah]’ in Art Journal, 57(3), pp.94-96.

Davis, Melody (2011) ‘The new woman in American stereoviews, 1871-1905’ in Otto, E. and Rocco, V. (eds.) The new woman international: representations in photography and film from the 1870s through the 1960s,Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, pp.21-38

Davis, Melody (2015) Women’s views: the narrative stereograph in nineteenth-century America. Lebanaon, NH: University of New Hampshire Press. ISBN: 9781611688382/9781611688399

Davis, Melody (2019) Sentiment and Irony: The Stereoscopic Treasures of F. G. Weller

Daw, Naomi (2017) From the inside looking out: travelling the world from the parlour Brighton: University of Sussex Library. pp.73-87.

Dexter, Lorraine (1960) ‘A Vanished America in stereo’. American Heritage, 12, pp.113-128.

Di Bello, Patrizia (2013) ‘“Multiplying Statues by Machinery”: Stereoscopic Photographs of Sculptures at the 1862 International Exhibition’, History of Photography, 37:4, pp.412-420.

Di Bello, Patrizia (2016) ‘Photographs of sculpture: Greek slave’s ‘complex polyphony’,1847-1877′. 19: Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century, 22

Di Bello, Patrizia (2016) ‘The Greek slave and photography in Britain’, Nineteenth-Century Art Worldwide: a journal of nineteenth-century visual culture, 15:2, pp.43 pages,

Di Bello, Patrizia (2018) ‘Stereoscopic photographs of The Bride by Rafaelle Monti, 1862’ in Sculptural photographs: from the Calotype to digital technologies. London: Bloomsbury Visual Arts, pp.37-56. ISBN: 9781350028241

Difford, Richard J. (2008) ‘Stereopsis and still-life’, Medical Sciences History, 24, pp.8-25.

Difford, Richard J. (2012) ‘In defence of pictorial space: stereoscopic photography and architecture in the Nineteenth century ‘ in Higgot, Andrew and Wray, Timothy, eds., Camera constructs: photography, architecture and the modern city, Farnham: Ashgate, pp.295-312. ISBN: 9781409421450

DiGiulio, Katherine (1990) ‘The representation of women in 19th and early 20th-century narrative stereographs.’ in Fellows, Fanny Knapp Allen (ed.) Ideas about images: essays on film and photography, Rochester, NY: Rochester Film and Photo Consortium, pp.2-18.

Doherty, Amy S. (1978) ‘Carleton E. Watkins, Photographer: 1829-1916’. The Courier, 15:4, pp.3-20.

Duany, Jorge (2001) ‘Portraying the Other: Puerto Rican Images in Two American Photographic Collections’. Discourse, 23:1, pp.119-153

Duttlinger, Carolin (2005) ‘‘Die Ruhe des Blickes’: Brod, Kafka and the Kaiserpanorama’ in Emden, Christian and Midgley, David (eds.) Technology and the German cultural imagination: papers from the conference ‘The Fragile Imagination’, Cambridge, 2002, Oxford: Peter Lang ISBN: 9783039101702

Durie, Alastair J. (1997) ‘Tourism and photography in Victorian Scotland: the contribution of George Washington Wilson’ in By Royal Appointment: Aberdeen’s Pioneer Photographer: George Washington Wilson, 1823-1893. Aberdeen: AUL Publishing, pp.26-32. ISBN: 1874078084

Durie, Alastair J. (2015) ‘Tourism and commercial photography in Victorian Scotland: the rise and fall of G.W. Wilson & Co., 1853-1908’. Northern Scotland, 12 (First Series):1, pp.89-104.

Earle, Edward E. (ed.) (1979) Points of view: the stereograph in America: a cultural history, Rochester, New York: Visual Studies Workshop Press ISBN: 9780898220063

Earle, Edward W. (1979) ‘Interpretive chronology: stereo, American history and popular culture, 1850-1915’ in Earle, Edward W.,(ed.)Points of view: the stereograph in America: a cultural history. Rochester, NY: Visual Studies Workshop Press in collaboration with the Gallery Association of New York State, pp.23-87. ISBN: 9780898220063

Earle, Edward W. (1979) ‘The Stereograph in America: pictorial antecedents and cultural perspectives’ in Earle, Edward W. (ed.) Points of view: the stereograph in America: a cultural history. Rochester, NY: Visual Studies Workshop Press in collaboration with the Gallery Association of New York State, pp.9-23. ISBN: 9780898220063

Earle, Edward W. (1987) On the stump: Theodore Roosevelt in stereographs. (CMP Bulletin, Vol. 7, No. 1) California Museum of Photography. ISBN:

Edwards, Elizabeth (2011) ‘A Village Lost and Found: An Annotated Tour of the 1850s Series of Stereo Photographs “Scenes from our Village” by T. R. Williams’. Photography and Culture, 4:2, pp.235-237.

Ellenbogen, Josh (2010) ‘The Eye of the Sun and the Eye of God’, Visual Resources, 26:2, pp.113-130

Erasmus, H. J. (2012) ‘The Underwood & Underwood stereographs of the Anglo-Boer War, 1899-1902’, South African Journal of Cultural History, 26:2, pp.61-82.

Evans, Elaine Altman (2003) In the Sandals of Pharaoh: James Henry Breasted and the Stereoscope. (McClung Museum of Natural History and Culture Occasional Paper)

Evans, Elaine Altman (2007) ‘In the Sandals of Pharaoh: James Henry Breasted and the Stereoscope.’ in Fortenberry, Diane (ed.) (2007) Who Travels Sees More: Artists, Architects and Archaeologists Discover Egypt and the Near East. Oxford: Oxbow Books, pp.163-178. ISBN: 9781842172735

Feiersinger, Luisa ‘Travelling through the Stereoscope’ in Boskamp, Ulrike, Buchholz, Amrei, Kranen, Annette and Michalsky, Tanja (eds.) Verkoppelte Räume: Die Kombination von Karte und Bildfolge als mediales Dispositiv Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e.V., pp. ISBN: 9783777435343

Ferragallo, Roger (1972) ‘A manifesto directed to the new aesthetics of stereo space in the visual arts and the art of painting’, [online], available:

Ferragallo, Roger (1974) ‘On stereoscopic painting’ in Leonardo, 7:2, pp.97-104

Fleckenstein, Kirstie S. (2016) ‘Materiality’s rhetorical work: the nineteenth century parlor stereoscope and the second-naturing of vision’ in Barnett, Scot and Boyle, Casy, eds., Rhetoric, through everyday things. Tuscaloosa, Ala: University of Alabama, pp.125-138. ISBN: 9780817319199

Flores, Victor (2013) ‘Stereo visual culture: Between the documentary and entertainment’. The International Journal of the Image, 3:4, pp.9-19.

Flores, Victor ed. (2016) A terceira imagem: A fotografia estereoscópica em Portugal/The third image: Stereo Photography in Portugal, Lisbon: Documenta. ISBN: 9789898618740

Flores, Victor (2018) ‘The Metrics of Landscape: Stereo fieldwork by Francisco Afonso Chaves and other Portuguese Explorers’, Artnodes 21 DOI: 10.7238/a.v0i21.3162

Flores, Victor (2020) ‘Wet collodion and a pair of lenses Carlos Relvas’s Stereoscopic Photography: the digital reunion of negatives and prints’, History of Photography, (preprint)

Fowles, Jib (1994) ‘Stereography and the standardization of vision’ in The Journal of American Culture, 17:2, pp.89-93

Fraser, Sarah E. (2010) ‘The Face of China: Photography’s Role in Shaping Image, 1860—1920’. Getty Research Journal, 2, pp.39-52.

Friedel, Megan K. and Toedtemeier, Terry (2008) ‘Picturing Progress: Carleton Watkins’s 1867 Stereoviews of the Columbia River Gorge’ in Oregon Historical Quarterly 109:3, pp.388-411

Garrison, Laurie (2007) ‘The Visual subject, c.1810–1840: trends in Romanticism and Victorianism’ in Literature Compass, 4:4, pp.1078–1091.

Godbey, Emily (2012) ‘“Terrible Fascination”: Civil War stereographs of the dead’ in History of Photography, 36:3, pp.265-274.

Goldberg, Tyler and Clemons, Angel (2010) ‘Cataloging in stereo: metadata for stereographs’, in Microform and Imaging Review, 39:3, pp.86-97.

Goldsborough, Gordon (2007) ‘Victorian virtual reality’ in Manitoba History, 54, pp.30-38

Gonzalez, Carmen Perez (2017) ‘From the observatory to the classroom: Space images in the Keystone “600 set” and “1200 set”’. International Journal on Stereo and Immersive Media, 1:1, pp.40-52.

Good, Katie Day (2019) ‘Sight-Seeing in School: Visual Technology, Virtual Experience, and World Citizenship in American Education, 1900–1930’. Technology and Culture, 60:1, pp.98-131.

Good, Katie Day (2020) ‘Sightseeing in school: promotions of virtual experience and world citizenship from the stereoscope to radio’ in Bring the world to the child: technologies of global citizenship in American education. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, pp.29-70. ISBN: 9780262538022

Graver, Bruce (2009) ‘Wordsworth, Scott, and the stereographic picturesque’ in Literature Compass, 6(4), pp.896–926.

Green, Harvey (1979) ‘Pasteboard masks: the stereograph in American culture 1865-1910’ in Earle, Edward W.(ed.) Points of view: the stereograph in America: a cultural history. Rochester, NY: Visual Studies Workshop Press in collaboration with the Gallery Association of New York State, pp.109-115. ISBN: 9780898220063

Grenbeaux, Pauline (1978) ‘Before Yosemite Art Gallery: Watkins’ Early Career’, California History, 57:3, pp.220-241,

Grigsby, Darcy Grimaldo ( 2013) ‘Two dimensions or three? Scale, photography, and Egypt’s pyramids.’ in Behdad, Ali  and Gartlan, Luke, eds., Photography’s orientalism: new essays on colonial representation. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, pp.115-128. ISBN: 978160606510

Grosscup, Jeffrey P (1975) ‘Stereoscopic Eye on the Frontier West’. The Magazine of Western History, 25:2, pp.36-50.

Guiness, Selina (2004) ‘Ireland through the stereoscope: reading the cultural politics of theosophy in the Irish literary revival’ in Fitzsimon Taylor, Betsey and Murphy, James H., eds., The Irish revival reappraised, Dublin: Four Courts Press, pp.19-32. ISBN: 1851827579

Gunning, Tom (2001) ‘Doubled Vision: Peering through Kentridge’s Stereoscope, Parkett, 63, pp.66-81

Gurevitch, Leon (2013) ‘The stereoscopic attraction: Three-dimensional imaging and the spectacular’ in Convergence, 19:4, pp.396-405 10.1177/1354856513494175

Gurevitch, Leon and Miriam Ross (2013) ‘Stereoscopic Media: Scholarship Beyond Booms and Bust’ in Public, 47, pp.72-82

Haberstich, David E. (1994) ‘American photographs in Europe and illusions of travel’ in Nye, David and Gidley, Mick, eds., American photographs in Europe. Amsterdam: VU University Press, pp.57-75. ISBN: 9789053833049

Haberstich, David E. (1996) ‘Souvenirs of roads not taken: Virtual travel with the Underwood and Underwood system and the World Wide Web’ in Robinson, Mike, Evans, Nigel and Callaghan, Paul, eds.,Culture as the Tourist Product Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Centre for Tourism and Travel pp.131-139. ISBN: 9780907679882

Hackemann, Rebecca (2013) ‘The Fictional Referent as Signifier in 3D Photography’ in Public, 47, pp.ii-iv

Haifley, Julie Link (1980) ‘Capital Images: The Photography of Titian Ramsay Peale, 1855-1885’. Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C., pp.229-244.

Hainge, Greg (2013) ‘On Noise and Photography. Forest, Fuzz, Ruff’ in Greg Hainge, Noise Matters: Towards an Ontology of Noise, New York: Bloomsbury Academic, pp.209-239

Hallett, Michael (1986) ‘John Benjamin Dancer 1812-1887: a perspective’ in History of Photography, 10:3, pp.237-255.

Hamessley, Lydia (2007) ‘Double vision: banjos, guitars, and mandolins in late 19th-Century stereoviews’ in Fretboard Journal, 8, pp.108-114

Hamessley, Lydia (2007) ‘Within sight: three-dimensional perspectives on women and banjos in the late nineteenth century’ in 19th-Century Music, 31:2, pp.131-163.

Hamilton, George E. (1949) Oliver Wendell Holmes, his pioneer stereoscope and the later industry, New York: Newcomen Society

Hankins, Thomas L. and Silverman, Robert  J. (1995) ‘The giant eyes of science: the stereoscope and photographic depiction in the nineteenth century’ in Hankins, Thomas L. and Silvermaan, Robert  J., (eds.), Instruments and the imagination, Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp.148-177 ISBN: 9780691005492

Hanson, David A. (1985) ‘Early Photolithographic Stereographs in America: William and Frederick Langenheim and A. A. Turner’, History of Photography, 9:2, pp. 131-140.

Haralambidou, Penelope (2007) ‘The stereoscopic veil’ in Architectural Research Quarterly, 11:1, pp.36-52

Haralambidou, Penelope (2012) ‘Stereoscopy and the architecture of visual space’ in Higgot, Andrew and Wray, Timothy, eds., Camera constructs: photography, architecture and the modern city, Farnham: Ashgate, pp.313-330. ISBN: 9781409421450

Hardijzer, Carol (2018) Anglo-Boer War: Stereo photographs produced by Underwood & Underwood, The Heritage Portal [online], 16th November

Hazen, Margaret Hindle  and Hazen, Robert M. (1992) ‘Perpetuating the flame’ in Keepers of the Flame: The Role of Fire in American Culture, 1775-1925 Princeton University Press, pp. ISBN: 9780691606637

Heckscher, Morrison H. (2008) ‘Creating Central Park’. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, New Series, 65:3, pp.1-3,5-74.

Heil, Douglas (2017) The art of stereography: rediscovering vintage three-dimensional images. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. ISBN: 9781476664606

Heilbrun, Francoise (2009) ‘Impressionism and photography’ in History of Photography, 33:1, pp.18-25

Hernández Latas, José Antonio (2018) ‘The photographic cabinet of Mariano Júdez y Ortiz (1856-1874) and the versatility of the stereoscopic camera’. International Journal on Stereo and Immersive Media, 2:2, pp.28-39

Hess, Scott (2008) ‘William Wordsworth and photographic subjectivity’. Nineteenth-Century Literature, 63:3, pp.283-320.

Hibbert, William (2004) Jacques Henri Lartigue: hidden depths. London: Design for Life.  ISBN: 978-0954678807

Hickman, Paul (1987) John James Reilly, 1838-1894: Photographic Views of American Scenery. [PhD], unpublished thesis (PhD), University of New Mexico.

Hirst, Robert H. and Rowles, Brandt (1984) ‘William E. James’s stereoscopic views of the Quaker City excursion’. Mark Twain Journal, 22:1, pp.15-33

Hoelscher, Steven (1998) ‘The photographic construction of tourist space in Victorian America’ in Geographical Review, 88:4, pp.548-570

Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1859), ‘The Stereoscope and the Stereograph‘, Atlantic Monthly, 3, pp.738-48

Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1861) ‘Sun-Painting and Sun-Sculpture; With a Stereoscopic Trip Across the Atlantic‘, Atlantic Monthly, pp.13-29

Holzapfel, Richard Neitzel (1992) ‘Stereographs and Stereotypes: A 1904 View of Mormonism’. Journal of Mormon History, 18:2, pp.155-176

Hood, M.V.J. and Haas, Robert Bartlett (1963) ‘Eadweard Muybridge’s Yosemite Valley photographs, 1867-1872’ in California Historical Society Quarterly, 42:1, pp.5-26.

Hubbard, Melanie (2005) ‘”Turn it a little”: the influence of the Daguerreotype and the stereograph on Emily Dickinson’s use of manuscript variants’, in Mosaic: a journal for the interdisciplinary study of literature, 38:1, pp.115-132.

Huhtamo, Erkki (1995) ‘Armchair Traveller on the Ford of Jordan: The Home, the Stereoscope and the Virtual Voyager’, Mediamatic (Amsterdam), 8:2/3, pp.13-23,

Huffman, Wendell W. (2012) Waiting for the cars: Alfred A. Hart’s Stereoscopic Views of the Central Pacific Railroad, 1863-1869. Carson City, NV: Nevada State Railroad Museum. ISBN: 9780972877336

Ionnidis, Kostas and Mouzakti, Elini (2015) ‘Greece through the stereoscope: constituting spectatorship theought texts and images’. in Carrabot, Philip, Hamilakis, Yannis and Papargyriou, Eleni, eds., Camera graeca: photographs, narratives, materialities.Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, pp.159-168. ISBN: 9781472424761

Jeffrey, Ian (1999) An American journey: the photography of William England. Munich: Prestel. ISBN: 9783791321585

Jenkins, H. F. (1957) Two points of view: the history of the parlor stereoscope, Elmira, NY: World in Color Productions.

Jensen, Kirsten M. (2013) ‘Seeing in stereo: Albert Bierstadt and the stereographic landscape’, Nineteenth-Century Art Worldwide: a journal of nineteenth-century visual culture 12:2,

Johnson, Wendell G. (2008) ‘“Making Learning Easy and Enjoyable:” Anna Verona Dorris and the Visual Instruction Movement, 1918-1928’. TechTrends, 52:4, pp.51-58.

Johnston, Sean F. (2014) ‘The cultural landscape of three-dimensional imaging.’ in Richardson, Martin,(ed.)Techniques and Principles in Three-Dimensional Imaging: An Introductory Approach. Hershey, PA: IGI Global, pp.212-232. ISBN: 9781466649323

Jones, Andrew F. (2010) ‘Portable monuments: architectural photography and the “Forms” of Empire in Modern China’ in Positions, 18:3, pp.599-631.

Jones, Lawrence T. (2014) ‘Stereographs’ in Lens on the Texas frontier. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, pp.65-104 ISBN: 9781623491475

Kanemitsu, Yoko (2000) ‘Stereoscopy and Pre-Raphaelitism: the Pre-Raphaelites and Ruskin in the New Media Age’ in Convergence, 6, pp.106-120

Kantor, Jonathan (2016) ‘Stereoscopic Cards in Early 20th Century Dermatologic Education.’, JAMA Dermatology, 4

Kelsey, Robin E. (2003) ‘Viewing the Archive: Timothy O’Sullivan’s Photographs for the Wheeler Survey, 1871-74’, The Art Bulletin, 85:4, pp.702-723

Kenney, Chris J. (1981) Perspective and the past: the Keystone-Mast Collection.  CMP Bulletin V.1(2)

Kibbey, Mead B. (1996) The railroad photographs of Alfred A. Hart, artist; edited by Peter E. Palmquist.  Sacramento,Ca.: California State Library.  ISBN: 9780929722856.

King, Elliott H (2018) ‘“The Spectator Makes the Picture”: Optical illusions and Viewer Experience in Dalí’s and Duchamp’s Stereoscopic Works’, Avant-garde Studies :3, pp.27 pages.

Klahr, Douglas (2013) ‘The Radically Subversive Narrative of Stereoscopic Photography ‘. 1, pp.1-14, DOI:

Klahr, Douglas (2013) ‘Stereoscopic photography encounters the staircase: traversing thresholds, borders and passages’.  Archimaera 5, pp.89-97,

Klahr, Douglas (2014) ‘The Stereoscopic photo album as Nazi propaganda: Ephemerality of image in Vienna, The Pearl of the Reich.’, in Adorno, S., Cristina, G. and Rotondo, A., eds., VI congresso AISU InvisibleVisible. Percepirela città tra descrizioni e omission, Catania, Monastero dei Benedettini, Scrimm Edizioni, pp.1903-1911.

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