Stereoscopic Media

Stereoscopic Moving Images

Acland, Charles (201o) ‘Avatar as Technological Tentpole’ in Flow, Jan 2010. http://flowtv.org/2010/01/avatar-as-technological-tentpole-charles-r-acland-concordia-university/

Adler, Dan, Marchessault, Janine and Obradovic, Sanja, (eds.) (2014) 3D cinema and beyond. Bristol:Intellect Press. ISBN: 9781783200399

Allison, Robert S., Laurie M. Wilcox and Ali Kazimi (2013) ‘Perceptual Artefacts, Suspension of Disbelief and Realism in Stereoscopic 3D Film’ in Public, 47, pp.149-160 http://www.publicjournal.ca/47-3d-cinema-and-beyond/

Anders-Stern, Gunther (1954) ‘3D film and cyclopic effect’. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, 15:2, pp.295-298

Asselin, Olivier and Louis Auger Gosselin (2013) ‘This Side of Paradise: Immersion and Emersion in S3D and AR’, in Public, 47, pp.132-141 http://www.publicjournal.ca/47-3d-cinema-and-beyond/

Arthur, Paul (1996) ‘In the realm of the senses: IMAX 3-D and the myth of total cinema’. Film Comment, 32:1, pp.78-81. http://search.proquest.com/docview/210258259

Atkinson, Sarah (2011) ‘Stereoscopic-3D Storytelling: rethinking the conventions, grammar and aesthetics of a new medium’ in Journal of Media Practice, 12:2, pp.139-156. http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/jmpr.12.2.139_1

Aubusson, Mathieu and Teulade, Vincent (2009) Eyes wide open: 3D tipping points loom  Paris: PricewaterhouseCoopers. http://www.pwccn.com/webmedia/doc/633943119973580316_em_3d_entertainment_nov2009.pdf

Autodesk (2008) Stereoscopic filmmaking whitepaper: The business and technology of stereoscopic filmmaking. Autodesk [online], available: http://images.autodesk.com/adsk/files/stereoscopic_whitepaper_final08.pdf

Aylsworth, Wendy L., Postley, Howard J., Sandrew, Barry B., Dobrin, Bruce E. and Husak, Walt (2013) ‘Stereographic digital cinema: production and exhibition techniques in 2012’, in Proceedings of the IEEE, 101:1, pp.169-189. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/JPROC.2012.2191610

Banks, Martin S., Read, Jenny. C. A., Allison, Robert S. and Watt, Simon J. (2012) ‘Stereoscopy and the human visual system’. SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal, 121:4, pp.24-43. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3490636/

Bantjes, Rod (2014) ‘Hybrid Projection, Machinic Exhibition and the Eighteenth-Century Critique of Vision’. Art History, 37:5, pp.912-939.

Belisle, Brooke (2013) ‘The Dimensional Image: Overlaps in Stereoscopic, Cinematic, and Digital Depth’, Film Criticism, 37/38:3/1, pp.117-137. http://filmcriticism.allegheny.edu/index.htm

Belisle, Brooke (2014) ‘Depth readings: Ken Jacobs’s digital, stereographic films’. Cinema Journal, 53:2, pp.1-26. http://utpress.utexas.edu/index.php/journals/cinema-journal

Belton, John (2012) ‘Digital 3D Cinema: Digital Cinema’s Missing Novelty Phase’ in Film History: An International Journal 24.2, pp.187-195. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/fih.2012.0017

Benna, Shannon. 2018. “Systems and Practices to Produce Stereoscopic Space on Screen.” In Image – Action – Space: Situating the Screen in Visual Practice, edited by Luisa Feiersinger, Kathrin Friedrich, and Moritz Queisner, 133–46. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110464979-011.

Bennet, Bruce (2013) ‘The normativity of 3D:  cinematic journeys, “imperial visuality” and unchained cameras’ in Jump Cut, 55, np. http://www.ejumpcut.org/currentissue/Bennett-3D/index.html

Benson-Allott, Caetlin (2013) ‘Old Tropes in New Dimensions: Stereoscopy and Franchise Spectatorship’, Film Criticism, 37/38:3/1, pp.12-29. http://filmcriticism.allegheny.edu/index.htm

Benson-Allott, Caetlin (2016) ‘The CHORA Line: RealD Incorporated’ in Post-Cinema: Theorizing 21st-Century Film, ed. by Shane Denison and Julia Leyda (Falmer: REFRAME Books, 2016) ISBN:  978-0-9931996-2-2 http://reframe.sussex.ac.uk/post-cinema/3-3-benson-allott/

Bjørner, Thomas, Magnusson, Andreas and Nielsen, Robin Pascal (2016) ‘How to Describe and Measure Obstacles of Narrative Immersion in a Film?’. Nordicom Review, 37:1, pp.1-17.

Block, Alexis (2009) ‘Put on your glasses: 3D in two generations’ in Animatrix: a journal of the UCLA Animation Workshop, 17, pp.15-24 http://animation.filmtv.ucla.edu/NewSite/WebPages/BackIssues/AnimBack017.html

Blundell, Barry G. (2011) 3D Displays and Spatial Interaction, Walker & Wood Limited. ISBN: 9780473177010http://www.barrygblundell.com/

Bluestone, George (1956) ‘In defense of 3-D’. The Sewanee Review, 64:4, pp.683-689.

Bombeke, Klaas, Van Looy, Jan, Szmalec, Arnaud and Duyck, Wouter (2013) ‘Leaving the third dimension: no measurable evidence for cognitive aftereffects of stereoscopic 3D movies’.  Journal of the Society for Information Display, 21:4, pp.159-166, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsid.164

Bowles, Kate (2011) ‘‘Society with spectacles’: Cultural memory, business risk and the revival of 3D’, Media International Australia, 139, pp.103-112.

Brown, Simon (2013) ‘From Novelty to Normal: 3DTV as Special Effect’, Critical Studies in Television: An International Journal of Television Studies, 8:3, pp.33-46, http://dx.doi.org/10.7227/cst.8.3.4

Brown, William (2012) ‘Avatar: Stereoscopic Cinema, Gaseous Perception and Darkness’ in Animation: an Interdisciplinary Journal, pp.259-271. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1746847712456254

Burnett, Ron (2013) ‘Transitions, Images and Stereoscopic 3D Cinema’ in Public, 47, pp.200-213 http://www.publicjournal.ca/47-3d-cinema-and-beyond/

Candusso, Damian (2016) ‘Digital 3D and the contemporary soundtrack: competing cinema spaces’, The New Soundtrack, 6:1, pp.63-76 http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/sound.2016.0083

Casetti, Francesco and Antonio Somaini (2013) ‘The conflict between high definition and low definition in contemporary cinema’ in Convergence, 19:4, pp.415-422 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354856513494174

Chapman, Owen and Alison Reiko Loader (2013) ‘Of Motors, Martians and Jazz Age Cuties: The Stereoscopic Inventions of Laurens Hammond’ in Public, 47, pp.110-121 http://www.publicjournal.ca/47-3d-cinema-and-beyond/

Christie, Ian (2011) ‘Clash of the Wonderlands: 3D Cinema’ in Sight and Sound, Nov 2011. Available online at: http://old.bfi.org.uk/sightandsound/feature/49789

Christie, Ian (2014) ‘Will the 3D Revolution happen? A brief perspective on the long history of stereoscopy (with special thanks to Eisenstein and Bazin)’ in Oever, Annie van den, ed., Technē/Technology: researching cinema and media technologies: their development, use, and impact. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, pp.115-135. ISBN: 9789089645715  http://www.oapen.org/download?type=document&docid=607770

Clement, Jennifer and Long, Christian B. (2012) ‘Hugo, redemption and the cinema of attractions, or, The adaptation of Hugo Cabret’. Senses of Cinema, 63 http://sensesofcinema.com/2012/feature-articles/hugo-remediation-and-the-cinema-of-attractions-or-the-adaptation-of-hugo-cabret/

Clover, Joshua (2010) ‘The Struggle for Space’ in Film Quarterly, 63:3, pp.6-7. http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/fq.2010.63.3.6

Criado, Enrique (2008) ‘Original and Creative Stereoscopic Film Making’, in Woods, Andrew J., Holliman, Nicolas S. and Merritt, John O., eds., Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XIX, 68030 article 68030U

DeJohn, Matthew (n.d.) How to critique 3D
http://www.digitalcinemareport.com/stereoscopic-3D-differences

DeSouza, Clyde (2012) Think in 3D, CreateSpace ISBN 1470150778

Devernay, Frédéric and Beardsley, Paul. (2010) ‘Stereoscopic Cinema.’ In Ronfard, Remi and Taubin, Gabriel (eds.)Image and Geometry Processing for 3-D Cinematography, (Geometry and Computing, 5) Springer: Berlin,  Heidelberg, pp.11-51 ISBN: 9783642123924.      http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-12392-4             https://hal.inria.fr/inria-00509217v2      https://arxiv.org/pdf/1506.06001.pdf

Drößler, Stefan (2011) ‘ A Short History of 3D Films’. NFC Newsletter (The National Museum of Modern Art/The National Film Center, Tokyo):3 and 4, pp.11-16 (each issue).

Duerfahrd, Lance (2013) ‘For Your Glasses Only: The Stewardesses and Sex in Three Dimensions’ in Public, 47, pp.161-173 http://www.publicjournal.ca/47-3d-cinema-and-beyond/

Eisenstein, Sergei M. (1949) ‘On stereoscopic cinema’ in Penguin Film Review, No.8, January, pp.35-45.

Eisenstein, Sergei (2013) ‘On Stereoscopic Cinema (1947)’ in Public, 47, pp.20-59 http://www.publicjournal.ca/47-3d-cinema-and-beyond/

Elsaesser, Thomas (2010) ‘The dimension of depth and objects rushing towards us.  Or: The Tail that wags the dog: a discourse on digital 3-D cinema’. eDIT Filmmaker’s Magazine, 1 available: http://www.filmmakersfestival.com/en/magazine/ausgabe-1202/the-dimension-of-depth.html

Elsaesser, Thomas (2011) ‘James Cameron’s Avatar: Access for all’ in New Review of Film and Television Studies, 9:3, pp. 247-264. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17400309.2011.585854

Elsaesser, Thomas (2012) ‘The “Return” of 3-D: On Some of the Logics and Genealogies of the Image in the Twenty-First Century’ in Critical Inquiry, 39:2, pp.217-246 criticalinquiry.uchicago.edu/uploads/pdf/Elsaesser.pdf

Elsaesser, Thomas (2013) ‘Critical Response II: Response to Miriam Ross’, Critical Inquiry, 39:4, pp.878-883. http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/671359

Engle, Rob (2008) ‘Beowulf 3D: a case study’. Proceedings of the SPIE 6803. http://proceedings.spiedigitallibrary.org/proceeding.aspx?articleid=810628

Engber, Daniel (2015) ‘The misunderstanding of 3-D’. The New Yorker, 2nd June http://www.newyorker.com/culture/cultural-comment/the-misunderstanding-of-3-d

Engle, Rob and Lipton, Lenny (2014) ‘Stereoscopic 3D’ in Okun, Jeffery A. and Zwerman, Susan, eds., The Visual Effects Society handbook of visual effects, 2nd ed.  Abingdon: Focal Press, pp.447-541. ISBN: 97802408125182

Enyedi, Delia (2016) ‘3D Attractions: Recycling the Monomyth in Post-Cinema.’ Ekphrasis. Images, Cinema, Theory, Media, 16:2: pp.73–83.

Feiersinger, Luisa. 2018. “Spatial Narration. Film Scenography Using Stereoscopic Technology.” In Image – Action – Space: Situating the Screen in Visual Practice, edited by Luisa Feiersinger, Kathrin Friedrich, and Moritz Queisner, 69–78. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110464979-006.

Fisher, Kevin (2014) ‘The ecstatic Gestalt in Werner Herzog’s Cave of Forgotten Dreams‘. Refractory: a Journal of Entertainment Media, 24  http://refractory.unimelb.edu.au/2014/08/06/fisher/ 

Flores, Teresa Mendes (2015) ‘Stereoscopy, film and the time image. An improbable encounter: Paz dos Reis and Chris Marker’s photographic films.’ in Medeiros, Margarida, Flores, Teresa Mendes and Leal, Joana Cunha, eds.,Photography and cinema: Fifty years of Chris Marker’s La Jetée. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, pp.123-170. ISBN: 9781443872010

Flores, Victor (2013) ‘Stereo visual culture: Between the documentary and entertainment’. The International Journal of the Image, 3:4, pp.9-19.

Flores, Victor (2016) ‘The Animation of the Photographic: Stereoscopy and Cinema. The Experiments of Aurélio Da Paz Dos Reis’ in Early Popular Visual Culture, 14:1, pp.87–106 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17460654.2015.1124047

Flueckiger, Barbara (2012) ‘Aesthetics of Stereoscopic Cinema’ in  Projections, 6:1, pp. 101-122 http://dx.doi.org/10.3167/proj.2012.060104

Freeland, Cynthia (2012) ‘On being stereoblind in an era of 3D movies’.  Essays in Philosophy, 13:2, pp.550-576, http://dx.doi.org/10.7710/1526-0569.1437

Furmanek, Bob and Kintz , Greg (n.d.) ‘An in-depth look at Creature from the black lagoon‘.  http://www.3dfilmarchive.com/an-in-depth-look-at-creature-from-the-black-lagoon-1

Furmanek, Bob and Kintz , Greg (n.d.) ‘An in-depth look at Dial M for Murder‘. http://www.3dfilmarchive.com/dial-m-blu-ray-review

Furmanek, Bob and Kintz , Greg (n.d.) ‘An in-depth look at House of Wax‘.  http://www.3dfilmarchive.com/House-of-Wax

Furmanek, Bob and Theakston, Jack (n.d.) ‘The 3-D release of Hondo‘.  http://www.3dfilmarchive.com/home/hondo-3-d-release

Gadassik, Alla (2013) ‘Anticipation of Contact: Pina 3D and Stereoscopic Cinematography’ in Public, 47, pp.174-185 http://www.publicjournal.ca/47-3d-cinema-and-beyond/

“Gardner, Brian (2009) ‘Perception and the art of 3D storytelling’,
Creative Cow, pp.8-15 https://library.creativecow.net/gardner_brian/magazine_3d_storytelling/1

Griffiths, Alison (2013) ‘Sensual Vision : 3-D, Medieval Art, and the Cinematic Imaginary’, Film Criticism, 37/38:3/1,pp. 60-86. http://filmcriticism.allegheny.edu/index.htm

Gurevitch, Leon (2012) ‘The Birth of a Stereoscopic Nation: Hollywood, Digital Empire and the Cybernetic Attraction’ in Animation: an interdisciplinary journal, 7: 3, pp.239-258. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1746847712456255

Gurevitch, Leon (2013) ‘The stereoscopic attraction: Three-dimensional imaging and the spectacular’ in Convergence, 19:4, pp.396-405 http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1177/1354856513494175

Gurevitch, Leon and Miriam Ross (2013) ‘Stereoscopic Media: Scholarship Beyond Booms and Bust’ in Public, 47, pp.72-82 http://www.publicjournal.ca/47-3d-cinema-and-beyond/

Hall, Sheldon (2004) ‘Dial M for Murder’ in Film History, 16:3, pp.243-255 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3815536

Harden, Fred (1983) ‘Stereoscopic cinema’, Cinema Papers, 43, pp.134-139.

Hawkins, Richard C. (1953) ‘Perspective on “3-D”‘ in The Quarterly of Film, Radio and Television,7:4, pp.325-334. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1210004

Hayes, R. M. (1989) 3-D Movies: A History and Filmography of Stereoscopic Cinema, London: St James Press ISBN 0786405783

Heffernan, Kevin (2004) Ghouls, gimmicks and gold: horror films and the American movie business, 1953-1968. Durham, NC:Duke University Press. ISBN: 9780822332152/9780822332022

Higgins, S. (2012) ‘3D in Depth: Coraline, Hugo, and a Sustainable Aesthetic’ in  Film History: An International Journal24:2, 196-209. http://dx.doi.org/10.1353/fih.2012.0009

Holmberg, Jan (2003) ‘Ideals of immersion in early cinema’. Cinémas : revue d’études cinématographiques / Cinémas: Journal of Film Studies, 14:1, pp.129-147. http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/19565670/ideals-immersion-early-cinema

Hummel, Rob (2008) ‘3-D cinematography’.  American Cinematographer, (April), pp.52-63. http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/31788584/3-d-cinematography

Jackman, Anna Hamilton (2015) ‘3D cinema: immersive media technology’. Geojournal,  http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10708-015-9651-5

Jayakumar, Tulsi (2015) ‘Sholay 3D: Recreating the Magic?’. South Asian Journal of Management, 22:4, pp.164-189.

Ji, Qiaho and Lee, Young Sun (2014) ‘Genre matters: a comparative study on the entertainment effects of 3D in cinematic contexts’. 3D Research, 5:15, pp.1-13, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13319-014-0015-6

Ji, Qiaho, Tanca, Jessica and Janicke, Sophie (2013) ‘Does 3D increase the enjoyment experience? A comparative experiment on the psychological effects of 3D’. 3D Research, 4:4, pp.1-9, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/3DRes.04(2013)2

Jockenhövel, Jesko (2011) ‘What is it if it’s not real? It’s genre: early color film and digital 3D’, Cinemascope: independent film journal, 7(15) (14 pages) http://www.cinemascope.it/Issue%2015/PDF/jockenhovel.pdf

Jockenhövel, Jesko (2016) ‘A three-dimensional checkerboard: the long take in 3D films’ in Spöhrer, Markus, ed., Die ästhetisch-narrativen Dimensionen des 3D-Films: Neue Perspektiven zur StereoskopieWiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien, pp.55-69. ISBN: 9783658094218

Johnson, Colin (2014) ‘Science in three dimensions: Werner Herzog’s Cave of Forgotten Dreams‘. The Modern Language Review, 109:4, pp.915-930. www.jstor.org/stable/10.5699/modelangrevi.109.4.0915

Johnston, Keith M. (2008) ‘”Three Times as Thrilling!”: The Lost History of 3-D Trailer Production, 1953-54’, Journal of Popular Film and Television, 36:3, pp.150 – 160. http://dx.doi.org/10.3200/JPFT.36.3.150-160 Also available at https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/9652/

Johnston, Keith M. (2011) ‘Now is the time (to put on your glasses): 3-D film exhibition in Britain, 1951-55’, Film History, 23, pp.93-103 http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/film_history/summary/v023/23.1.johnston.html Also available at UEA: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/31277/

Johnston, Keith M. (2012) ‘A technician’s dream? The critical reception of 3-D films in Britain.’ in Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television,32:2, pp.245-265. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01439685.2012.669887 Also available at UEA https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/40293/

Johnston, Keith M. (2013) ‘’Pop-out footballers’, pop concerts and popular films: The past, present and future of three-dimensional television’ in Convergence, 19:4, pp.438-445 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354856513494176 Also available at UEA: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/40296/

Johnston, Keith M. (2015) ‘3D UK? 3D history and the absent British pioneers’. Open Library of Humanities [online], 1:1, pp.1-25, http://dx.doi.org/10.16995/olh.19

Jolly, Stephen, Armstrong, Mike and Salmon, Richard (2009) The challenges of three-dimensional television. London: British Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.bbc.co.uk/rd/publications

Jones, Nick (2014) ”There never really is a stereoscopic image’: a closer look at 3D media’ in New Review of Film and Television Studies, online edition, pp.1-19 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17400309.2015.1007264

Jones, Nick (2015) “Variation within Stability: Digital 3D and Film Style” in Cinema Journal, 55, pp.52–73 https://muse.jhu.edu/journals/cinema_journal/v055/55.1.jones.html

Jones, Nick (2016), ‘Expanding the Esper: Virtualised Spaces of Surveillance in Sf Film’ in Science Fiction Film & Television, 9:1, pp.1–23 http://dx.doi.org/10.3828/sfftv.2016.1

Karajeh, Huda, Maqableh, Mahmoud and Masa’deh, Ra’ed (2014) ‘A review on stereoscopic 3D: Home entertainment for the twenty-first century’. 3D Research, 5:4, pp.26-34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13319-014-0026-3

Kehr, Dave (2010) ‘3-D or not 3-D: from Bwana Devil to Avatar: how far has the technology come and how much further must it go?’ in Film Comment, 46:1, pp.60-67

Kerbel, Michael (1980) ‘3-D or not 3-D’ in Film Comment, 16:6, pp.11-20

Kermode, Mark (2011) ‘The inevitable decline of 3-D’ in The Good, the Bad and the Multiplex: what’s wrong with modern movies?,London: Random House, pp.121-166.  ISBN: 9781847946034

Kim, Jihoon (2013) ‘Introduction: Three dimensionality as a heuristic device’ in Convergence, 19:4, pp.391-395 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354856513495325

Kiss, Miklos (2016) ‘3D imaging technology’s narrative appropriation in cinema’ in Fossati, Giovanna and Oever, Annie van den, eds., Exposing the film apparatus: the film archive as a research laboratory. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, pp.312-321. ISBN: 9789089647184

Kitsopanidou, Kira (2015) ‘Marketing the “Avatar revolution, or how to sell digital technology to exhibitors’ in Mingant, Nolwenn, Tirtaine, Cecilia and Augros, Joel, eds., Film marketing into the twenty-first century. London: Palgrave/BFI, pp.163-173. ISBN: 9781844578382

Klinger, Barbara (2012) ‘Cave of Forgotten Dream: Mediation on 3D’ in Film Quarterly, 65:3, pp.38-43 http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1525/FQ.2012.65.3.38

Klinger, Barbara (2013) ‘Beyond Cheap Thrills: 3D Cinema Today, the Parallax Debates and the “Pop-Out” in Public, 47, pp.186-199 http://www.publicjournal.ca/47-3d-cinema-and-beyond/

Klinger, Barbara (2013) ‘Three-dimensional cinema: The new normal’ in Convergence, 19:4, pp.423-431 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354856513494177

Knapp, Ann-Kristin and Hennig-Thurau, Thorsten (2015) ‘Does 3D Make Sense for Hollywood? The Economic Implications of Adding a Third Dimension to Hedonic Media Products’. Journal of Media Economics, 28:2, pp.100-118, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08997764.2015.1031902

Knight, Julia and Alexis Weedon (2013) ‘Social media and debates in 3D cinema’ in Convergence, 19:4, pp.389-90 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1354856513494671

Koepnick, Lutz (2013) Herzog’s Cave: On Cinema’s Unclaimed Pasts and Forgotten Futures, The Germanic Review: Literature, Culture, Theory, 88:3, pp. 271-285 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00168890.2013.820632

Koszarski, Richard (2000) ‘A Lion in Your Lap – A Lover in Your Arms: Arch Oboler and “Bwana Devil”’ in Film History 12:1, pp.17-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/FQ.2012.65.3.38

Kroon, Richard (2012) 3D A-to-Z: An encyclopedia dictionary, London:McFarland ISBN 0786468246

Kuroki, Yoshihiko (2012) ‘Improvement of 3D visual image quality by using high frame rate’. Journal of the Society for Information Display, 20:10, pp.566-574, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsid.107

Limbacher, James L (1968) Four aspects of the film: a history of the development of color, sound, 3-D and widescreen films and their contribution to the art of the motion picture. New York: Brussel and Brussel. ISBN:

Lippit, Akira Mizuta (1999) ‘Three Phantasies of Cinema – Reproduction, Mimesis, Annihilation’ in Paragraph, 22:3, pp. 213-227. http://www.euppublishing.com/doi/abs/10.3366/para.1999.0001

Lipton, Lenny (1982) Foundations of the Stereoscopic Cinema, New York:Van Nostrand Reinhold. http://www.stereoscopic2.org/library/foundation.php

Lipton, Lenny, Phillips, Sean, Engle, Rob, Townsend, Christopher, Olum, Jeff, Gaffney, Brian, Block, Bruce and McNally, Philip “Captain 3D” (2010) ‘Stereoscopic 3D’ in Okun, Jeffery A. and Zwerman, Susan, eds., The Visual Effects Society handbook of visual effects. Abingdon: Elsevier, pp.387-464. ISBN:

Liu, Yong. 2018. 3D Cinematic Aesthetics and Storytelling. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-3-319-72741-7

Loader, Alison Reiko (2014) ‘Convergence and collaboration in the Cold: Norman Mclaren and 1950s stereoscopic animation at the National Film Board of Canada’. Animation Journal, pp.4-26. http://www.animationjournal.com/abstracts/abstracts.html

Loew, Katharina (2013) ‘Tangible Specters : 3-D Cinema in the 1910s’, Film Criticism, 37/38:3/1, pp.87-116. http://filmcriticism.allegheny.edu/index.htm

Madžoski, Vesna (2011) ‘Avatar Cat People: The Others in 3D’, Cinemascope: independent film journal, 7:15  http://www.cinemascope.it/Issue%2015/PDF/madzoski.pdf

Macgowan, Kenneth (1956) ‘The Screen’s “New Look”: Wider and Deeper’ in The Quarterly of Film, Radio and Television, 11:2, pp.109-130. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1209832

Manovich, Lev (1993) ‘The Mapping of Space: Perspective, Radar, and 3-D Computer Graphics’. Available online at:  http://manovich.net/TEXT/mapping.html

Martins, José Manuel (2014) ‘‘Crows’ vs. ‘Avatar,’ or: 3D vs. Total-Dimension Immersion’, Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Film and Media Studies, 8:1 http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/ausfm-2014-0027

Mathias, Nikita (2016) ‘Between immersion and media reflexivity: Virtual travel media in the 19th Century’, International Journal of Film and Media Arts, 1:2, pp.22-33. http://revistas.ulusofona.pt/index.php/ijfma/article/view/5708/3596

Mayorov, Nikolai (2012) ‘A first in cinema… stereoscopic films in Russia and the Soviet Union’ in Studies in Russian and Soviet Cinema, 6:2 pp. 217-239. http://dx.doi.org/10.1386/srsc.6.2.217_1

McConnell, Frank D. (1973) ‘Song of innocence: The Creature from the Black Lagoon‘. Journal of Popular Film, 2:1, pp.15-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00472719.1973.10661676

McLaren, Norman (1951) ‘Stereographic animation: the synthesis of stereoscopic depth from flat drawings and art work’. SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal, 57, pp.513-519.

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